Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
In office
16 December 1815 – 16 March 1842
MonarchsGeorge III
George IV
William IV
Victoria
Preceded byThe 11th Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded byThe 13th Duke of Norfolk
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
as a hereditary peer
16 December 1815 – 16 March 1842
Preceded byThe 11th Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded byThe 13th Duke of Norfolk
Personal details
Born
Bernard Edward Howard

(1765-11-21)21 November 1765
Died16 March 1842(1842-03-16) (aged 76)
Spouse
(m. 1789; div. 1794)
ChildrenHenry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk
Parent(s)Henry Howard
Juliana Molyneux

Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC, FRS (21 November 1765 – 16 March 1842), was a British peer.

Early life[edit]

Howard was the son of Henry Howard (1713–1787) by his wife Juliana Molyneux, daughter of Sir William Molyneux, 6th Baronet (died 1781), of Teversall, Nottinghamshire, High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire 1737. His great-grandfather, Bernard Howard, was a younger son of Henry Howard, 15th Earl of Arundel.[1]

Career[edit]

Howard succeeded to the title of Duke of Norfolk in 1815 upon the death of his cousin, Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk.

An ardent Roman Catholic, like most of his family, he strongly supported Catholic Emancipation, and gave offence to his Protestant neighbours by giving a banquet to celebrate the passage of the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829.

He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1803.[2] In 1834, the Duke of Norfolk was invested by King William IV into the Order of the Garter.[3]

Personal life[edit]

On 23 April 1789, he married Lady Elizabeth Belasyse (1770–1819), daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl Fauconberg, and the former Charlotte Lamb. She was a first cousin of Lord Melbourne and Lady Cowper. Before the couple divorced five years later in May 1794, they were the parents of:[4]

His wife later remarried to Richard Bingham, 2nd Earl of Lucan, whose elder sister was Lavinia Spencer, Countess Spencer; they had several children, but this marriage was also ill-fated as they became estranged after 1804.

The Duke died in 1842 at the age of 76. Upon his death, his only son, Henry, became the 13th Duke of Norfolk.[3] He is buried in Fitzalan Chapel at Arundel Castle.[4]

Family[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Family tree[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David R. Fisher. "Howard Molyneux Howard, Lord Henry Thomas (1766-1824), of Thornbury Castle, Glos". historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Howard, Bernard Edward" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  4. ^ a b c d "Norfolk, Duke of (E, 1483)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
Peerage of England
Preceded by Duke of Norfolk
1815–1842
Succeeded by
Baron Maltravers
descended by acceleration
1815–1841