Spirochaeta

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Spirochaeta
A microscopic photograph of fluorescent-stained Spirochaeta americana
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetota
Class: Spirochaetia
Order: Spirochaetales
Family: Spirochaetaceae
Genus: Spirochaeta
Ehrenberg 1835 non Turczaninow 1851
Type species
Spirochaeta plicatilis
Ehrenberg 1835
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • "Ehrenbergia" Gieszczykiewiez 1939 non Martius 1827 non Sprengel 1820

Spirochaeta is a genus of bacteria classified within the phylum Spirochaetota.[1][2]

Phylogeny[edit]

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).[2]

16S rRNA based LTP_08_2023[3][4][5] 120 single copy marker proteins based GTDB 08-RS214[6][7][8]

Rectinemataceae

Treponemataceae

Spirochaeta thermophila Aksenova et al. 1992

Sediminispirochaeta

Marispirochaeta

Sphaerochaetaceae

Spirochaetaceae

Spirochaeta lutea Shivani et al. 2015

Salinispira

Spirochaeta

S. africana Zhilina et al. 1996

S. asiatica Zhilina et al. 1996

S. dissipatitropha Pikuta et al. 2009

Spirochaeta halophila Greenberg & Canale-Parola 1977

Alkalispirochaeta

Spirochaetaceae 2
Spirochaeta

Spirochaeta isovalerica Harwood & Canale-Parola 1983

Spirochaeta psychrophila Miyazaki et al. 2014

species‑group 2

Oceanispirochaeta

Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila Breznak & Warnecke 2008

Thiospirochaeta

Spirochaeta aurantia Vinzent 1926 ex Canale-Parola 1980

Borreliaceae

"Borreliales"

Borreliaceae

"Entomospirales"

"Entomospiraceae"

DSM‑17781
DSM‑17781

Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila

Spirochaetales_E
DSM‑19205

Thiospirochaeta

Spirochaetaceae_B

Spirochaeta isovalerica

Oceanispirochaeta

"Sphaerochaetales"

Sphaerochaetaceae

"Marispirochaetales"
"Marispirochaetaceae"

Marispirochaeta

"Sediminispirochaetales"
"Sediminispirochaetaceae"

Sediminispirochaeta

Spirochaetales_A
Spirochaetaceae_A

Spirochaeta thermophila

"Salinispirales"
"Salinispiraceae"

Spirochaeta lutea

Salinispira

DSM‑8902

Spirochaeta africana

"Alkalispirochaetaceae"

Alkalispirochaeta

"Treponematales"

"Rectinemataceae"

Breznakiellaceae

Treponemataceae

Species incertae sedis:

  • Spirochaeta plicatilis Ehrenberg 1835 (type sp.)
  • "Spirochaeta taiwanensis" Chi-Yu & Cai-Ji 2004
  • Spirochaeta xylanolyticus Yeh & Huang 2004

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J.P. Euzéby. "Spirochaeta". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2023-07-20.
  2. ^ a b Sayers; et al. "Spirochaeta". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2023-07-20.
  3. ^ "The LTP". Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  4. ^ "LTP_all tree in newick format". Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  5. ^ "LTP_08_2023 Release Notes" (PDF). Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  6. ^ "GTDB release 08-RS214". Genome Taxonomy Database. Retrieved 10 May 2023.
  7. ^ "bac120_r214.sp_label". Genome Taxonomy Database. Retrieved 10 May 2023.
  8. ^ "Taxon History". Genome Taxonomy Database. Retrieved 10 May 2023.